DENNETTIA Tripetala (pepper fruit) is well known as mmimmi by the igbo people. It is a pungent, pepperish, spicy medicinal plant that is characterised by greenish appearance when unripe but tends to be reddish or pinkish in colour when ripe. Pepper fruit tree thrives mainly in the Savannah and rainforest zones while the fruit usually ripens between April and May.
Edible mature pepper fruit is mostly chewed raw but can also be used for food preparations and for preparing herbal medicines. Both the fruits, leaves, roots and barks of the dennettia tripetala plant are distinguished by their strong pungent, spicy and pepperish taste, fragrance and aroma.
It is highly recommended that people should consume dennettia tripetala due to its high nutritional values. The phytochemical content of the pepper fruit and their results showed the presence of cyanogenic glycosides, saponins, tannins and flavonoids in this fruit. Both the fruit and the leaves were found to contain secondary metabolites such as phenol, carbohydrate, terpenes, flavonoids, tannin and alkaloids.
Edible Purposes: Dennettia tripetala fruit can be used as a pepperish spice for seasoning and flavouring of food. Pepper fruit serves as a substitute for ginger in zobo drink production. Pepper fruit seeds are essential for preparing food for newborn mothers immediately after childbirth as the spice aids uterus contraction. Pepper fruit can be used together with scotch bonnet peppers, piper guineese, utazi for hot soup preparations for new mothers.
Bactericidal Purposes: The seed extract are useful for both bactericidal and bacteriostatic purposes. As a result, the seed extract can be used for preventing and inhibiting the growth of bacteria and microorganism.
Treatment of Gastrointestinal Diseases: The leaves, fruits and roots of the pepper fruit can be used for producing herbal medicines for treating gastrointestinal diseases such as stomach upset, diarrhoea, vomiting and worm infestation.
Anti-ulcer Properties: The anti-ulcer ability of ethanol extract from pepper fruit seed extract. Their findings show that the ethanol extract of pepper fruit seed has potent and dose-dependent anti-ulcer effect against aspirin-induced ulcer. According to these researchers, this anti-ulcer effect of pepper fruit can be attributed to its flavonoid content.
Anthelmintic properties, glaucoma Intraocular Pressure (IOP) Reduction, insecticidal purposes, treatment of Infantile, convulsion, minimizes cancer risk, pharmacological properties, anti-viral properties, pepper fruit is effective for fighting against viruses such as cold, cough and fever.
Cold is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by watery eyes, sneezing, sore throat, coughing and nasal congestion, anti-emetic properties.
Pepper fruit is anti-emetic in nature being that it can be used for preventing or treating nausea and vomiting. Due to its antiemetic nature, pepper fruit can be used for treating motion sickness and for preventing the side effects of anaesthetics, opioid analgesics and cancer chemotherapy.